So, that’s just wrong.
It may not be PC to say so, but the top predictor of economic success is IQ, followed by conscientiousness.
In other words, be smart and work hard. Not particularly controversial really.
IQ is mostly inherited, with only small changes possible through things like improved childhood nutrition.
Conscientiousness can be drilled into you though. This goes some way to explaining the unmentioned excess of Asian people doing engineering at Google. It’s at about 30%, way above the population average in the US, but guess what? … Their parents drive them to be really conscientious. Next generation, probs not, but in the meantime, academic institutions like Harvard are artificially limiting their asian intake, giving the message, “for best success, work hard but don’t be asian”.
Multipliers like these two and others mean that success falls into a Pareto distribution at almost every scale. Something approximately like the square root of the number of people in any organization produce around half the value.
A linear approximation of this is the 80:20 rule for small populations. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pareto_principle
This happens in all human endeavors. Music, art, science, maths, sport etc. Just think how few composers produced the majority of all classical music listened to, to get a sense of this effect, or the spread of big goal scores in your favourite sport etc.
It’s the reason we have employment filtering processes. They’re trying to find people that will be in the steep part of the curve. Google are trying to ensure they employ as many of the top sqrt() of the engineering population as they can, but then internally, the same Pareto distribution still applies.
It’s not equal, and never will be. The whole point is to skim off the top fraction of capability, exploit them as hard as possible, and throw enough money and work conditions at them as you need to to keep exploiting them. They deviate from this at their peril, because the results are highly non linear. Screw this up while your competition does not, and you’re done.
Now, consider what this means if we ignore this as a nation. If we appoint people based on population demographic fairness targets. This would destroy our economy, and then all the lovely social programmes we enjoy will be defunded and we’re fucked. This is the essence of the golden goose in economic prosperity. Don’t kill it. You’ll regret it.